POVERTY AS A SOCIAL GLOBAL PHENOMENON (Sociological aspect)
Poverty is a very complex social occurrence and multidimensional phenomenon with a long history. It dates back to the very beginning of the human society formation. Poverty is diverse and in constant change. Bearing in mind all the scientific – technical achievements in the new millennium, this new knowledge shows us a constant increase of the number of poor people. For example, 2.8 billion people of six billion world population live on less than 2USD a day, while 1.2 billion live on less than 1 USD per day. (Rakic, 2005:71).
Also, we should have in mind that poverty affects younger population through unsatisfactory income which cannot meet basic needs, (un) employment opportunities, adequate access to health and social protection and access to education. It should be pointed out that the majority of young educated generations have been put in unenviable position in the labour market while they are losing the best years of their lives. Long-term unemployment discourages young people. It is not possible to reduce poverty only through programs and strategies, but it demands changes on the economic basis. Fighting against poverty is long term process and requires a lot of money.
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