• Viktorija Petkovska “St. Kliment Ohridski” University – Bitola, Faculty of Education
  • Silvana Neshkovska “St. Kliment Ohridski” University – Bitola, Faculty of Education


Second language learners very frequently rely on their native tongue, assuming that there is always a one-to-one equivalence between L1 and L2 lexical items. This results in major errors since even equivalent lexical items do not always convey the same sense in two languages mainly because of the cultural differences which are mirrored in the vocabulary of every language. Overlooking collocations and other word combinations also brings about many collocational errors which can be more disruptive than grammatical errors in communication. For most collocations there are no motivations and the same conceptual meaning can be realized by different words. This inexplicability of collocation calls for more attention on the part of both teachers and learners of English. The aim of this paper is to research the notice given to collocations in the curriculum of EFL in the primary and secondary schools in Macedonia. More specifically, this study is devoted to the elaboration of the concept of collocations including, the definition of collocations, collocation types, the importance of collocations, as well as the exercises and space that is allocated to collocations in the modern English textbooks used in the elementary and secondary schools in our country. Apart from the analysis of a selection of English textbooks, the research is based on a tailor-made questionnaire distributed among and filled out by elementary and secondary school teachers of English who work in the Bitola region.


Download data is not yet available.


Benson, Morton, Evelyn Benson, & Robert F. Ilson, (1997). The BBI dictionary of English word combinations, 3rd ed. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Beata, Breyshaw, Vaughan, Sue, (2016). Focus Students’ book 4, Pearson Education Limited, Harlow, United Kingdom .
Crystal,(1997). A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics Oxford, Blackwell Publishers, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Carter (1998). Vocabulary: Applied Linguistics Perspectives, London, Routledge.
Carter (1987). Vocabulary: Applied Linguistics Perspectives, London: Unwin Hyman.
Collins (1987). English Language Dictionary.
Christopher, (2001) Manning and Schutze, Foundations of Statistical Natural Language; Processing, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., United States.
Dodgson, Alston, Galimberti, Graham, (2012). PET buster, ELI s.r.l., Macatera, Italy.
Firth, J. R., & Palmer, F. R., (1968). Selected Papers of J. R. Firth 1952-59, California: Indiana University Press.
Firth, John, (1968). A synopsis of linguistic theory, 1930-1955. In Studies in linguistic analysis, eds. J.R. Firth et al., 1-32. Special volume of the Philological Society. 3rd ed. Oxford: Blackwell.
Goodey, Goodey, (2005). Messages, Cambrige University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Ghazala, “Stylistics and Translation: Tracing the Style of the Holy Koran and its Implications in Islamic and Non-Islamic Translations”, in Sayyab Translation Journal (STJ), Vol. 1: 112 – 47, 2008.
Healan, Gormley, (2011). Close Up, Cengage Learning Inc, Mason, OH, United States.
Hill, (2000). Revising priorities: From grammatical failure to collocational success. In M. Lewis (Ed.), Teaching collocation: Further development in the lexical approach, Oxford: Oxford University Pres.
Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary of Current English, (1974). Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Palmer, Harold, (1933). Second interim report on English collocations, Tokyo: Kaitakusha.
Pecina, (2009). Lexical Association Mesures Collocation Extraction, Institute of Formal and Applied Linguistics, 4th publication in the series of Studies in Computational and Theoretical Linguistics; ISBN: 978-80-904175-5-7.
Puchta, Stranks & Lewis-Jones,(2015). ThINK, Student’s book 3, Cambridge University Press,
Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Sinclair and Renouf (1988). "A Lexical Syllabus for Language learning".
How to Cite
PETKOVSKA, Viktorija; NESHKOVSKA, Silvana. THE IMPORTANCE OF COLLOCATIONS IN ACQUIRING ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE. International Journal of Education TEACHER, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 18, p. 15-27, dec. 2019. ISSN 1857-8888. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 21 jan. 2020. doi: